The art of sourdough bread making

Sourdough bread possesses a distinct, tangy flavor that sets it apart from other breads. But, the art of creating this unique loaf doesn’t just lie in its taste. The process of making sourdough bread, which incorporates traditional baking techniques and time-honored fermentation practices, is an art in its own right.

Understanding Sourdough Bread

Before you dive into the intricacies of making your own sourdough bread, it’s important to understand what sets it apart. Sourdough bread differs from other loaves due to its unique preparation method, which revolves around a ‘starter’.

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A starter is a mixture of flour and water that is left to ferment over time. Wild yeast present in the flour, air, and even on your hands, is what gets the fermentation process going. This fermented mixture is then used to leaven the bread, giving it that distinctive sourdough characteristics – the tangy taste, the chewy texture, and the hard crust.

Preparing the Sourdough Starter

The first step in your sourdough journey is to create your starter. Begin by mixing equal parts of flour and water in a bowl. For the purpose of this guide, let’s start with 100 grams of each.

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You will then place this mixture in a warm area, preferably between 70 to 75 F (21 to 24 C). Leave it open for about 24 hours.

After this period, you will begin the ‘feeding’ process. This involves removing half the mixture (discarding or using it for other recipes) and adding another 100 grams each of flour and water to the remaining half. Repeat this process for about 5 to 7 days.

By this time, your starter should be bubbly and have a pleasant, slightly sour smell – a sign that it’s ready for baking.

The Sourdough Bread Recipe

Now that your starter is ready, it’s time to make your sourdough bread. The process is simple, but it requires patience and precision.

You will require the following ingredients:

  • 200 grams of sourdough starter
  • 700 grams of flour
  • 450 grams of water
  • 20 grams of salt

Begin by mixing the starter, flour, and water in a large bowl. Combine them until there are no dry bits of flour left. This mixture is now termed as the ‘dough’. Let the dough rest for about 30 minutes.

The Kneading and Fermentation Process

After the initial resting period, add the salt to the dough and knead it for several minutes until it gets a smooth and elastic texture. This kneading process contributes to the development of gluten in your bread, which gives your loaf its structure.

Next, you will let the dough undergo the first fermentation, or the bulk fermentation. Place the dough in a lightly oiled bowl, cover it with a damp cloth and let it ferment for 3 to 4 hours at room temperature.

During this time, your dough will rise and double in size, signaling that it’s ready for the next step.

Shaping and Baking the Sourdough Bread

Once fermentation is complete, you will need to shape your loaf. You can do this by gently deflating the dough and giving it a round, or any preferred shape.

Place the shaped dough in a proofing basket or a bowl lined with a clean kitchen towel and dusted with flour. Cover it again and let it rest for another 3 to 4 hours. This resting period is known as the proofing stage, where the dough undergoes its final rise before baking.

When it’s time to bake, preheat your oven to 475 F (245 C). Place your dough on a baking sheet or a preheated dutch oven if you have one. Make a few slashes on top of your dough with a sharp knife. This will allow the steam to escape during baking and will help your loaf expand.

Bake your sourdough bread for about 20 to 25 minutes. After this, reduce the temperature to 450 F (232 C) and bake for another 10 to 20 minutes until the bread is golden brown.

Let your loaf cool before slicing into it. And there you have it – a beautifully baked, tangy, and chewy sourdough bread made right in your kitchen.

Troubleshooting Common Sourdough Issues

Despite the simple combination of ingredients – flour, water, and salt – sourdough bread making can sometimes present challenges. Here are some common issues you might encounter during the process and how to tackle them.

Problem 1: Your sourdough starter isn’t bubbling

If your starter doesn’t show signs of fermentation (bubbling and a slightly sour smell) after a week, it might not have caught enough wild yeast. Try changing the type of flour you are using. Wholegrain or rye flour tends to have more wild yeast than bread flour. Also, ensure your starter is kept in warm conditions, ideally between 70 to 75 F (21 to 24 C).

Problem 2: Your dough isn’t rising

If your dough isn’t rising during the bulk fermentation or proofing stages, it could be due to a weak starter. Remember to feed your starter consistently before using it in your bread recipe. A mature, active starter will help your dough rise at room temperature.

Alternatively, cold room temperatures might be slowing down the fermentation process. Try placing your dough in a warmer spot or extending the fermentation time.

Problem 3: Your bread is too dense

A dense loaf could indicate insufficient gluten development. Stretch and fold the dough several times during the bulk fermentation stage to enhance gluten formation. Also, ensure that you are kneading your dough adequately after adding the salt.

Problem 4: Your sourdough bread is too sour

The tanginess of your bread is a result of the fermentation process. If your bread is too sour, try reducing the fermentation time. However, remember that the distinctive sour flavor is part of the charm of sourdough bread.

Enhancing Your Sourdough Bread Making Skills

The art of making sourdough bread is not just about following a recipe. It’s about understanding the process, listening to the dough, and adjusting your technique as needed.

Remember, every aspect of the process from preparing the sourdough starter, mixing your ingredients, to kneading and folding your dough, contributes to the final product. The challenge lies in understanding how these elements interact and affect the outcome.

Consider experimenting with different types of flour, adjusting your water to flour ratio, or playing around with fermentation times to see how these changes influence your final loaf.

In time, you will learn that making sourdough is not just about baking bread. It’s about nurturing a living organism, your wild yeast, and using it to create something delicious and nourishing. It’s about the satisfaction of watching a simple mixture of flour and water come to life in the form of a beautifully baked loaf.

And remember, like any other art form, making sourdough bread requires practice and patience. So, don’t be disheartened if your first few loaves don’t turn out perfect. Keep baking, keep experimenting, and in time, you will master the art of sourdough bread making.


Sourdough bread making is a rewarding experience that combines the simplicity of ingredients with the complexity of processes. From the creation of the sourdough starter to the baking of the bread, each step is crucial to the final product.

Although the journey may seem daunting for a beginner sourdough baker, troubleshooting common issues and enhancing your skills over time will lead to fruitful results. Remember, patience is key – your efforts will be rewarded with a delicious, tangy loaf that is a testament to the beauty of traditional baking practices. Happy baking!